Pakistan has expressed of giving education to everyone, it is made compulsory for everyone. It has expressed on promoting literacy in the country by education means at domestic and international levels. Currently, Pakistan is characterized as one of the highest population growth rates worldwide. There are more young people in Pakistan today than at any point in its history. If Pakistan manages to educate this surging youth population, it could help to fuel the country’s economic growth. 

Here is a list of education ministers of Pakistan across history. 

Fazlur Rahman

Fazlur Rahman was the first education minister of Pakistan. He was a social worker and a politician and a member of the working committee of Bengal Provincial Muslim League. In 1937, he was elected as the member of the Bengali Legislative Council from Dhaka city and at the same time appointed as chief whip of the Legislative Council in 1943. After the partition, in 1947, he became the ministry of education. Fazlur Rahman gave away some notable contributions to Pakistan, it is said that he proved to be the best education minister of his time. He was identified as the main member of the executive council of Calcutta university as well as the president of Pakistan Historical Society. 

Ashrafuddin Ahmad Chowdhury

Ashrafuddin Ahmad was a Bengali politician who served as a general secretary of the Congress Party’s Bengal branch and the member of the East Bengal Legislative Assembly. He later became the Education Minister of Pakistan in 1954-1955. He was a prominent leader in the anti-British independence movement and was also involved in the khilafat movement as an activist and a leader of the All-India National Congress. Ashrafuddin was one of the closest allies of Bose and a vital member of the founding working committee of All India Forward Bloc. 

Mafizuddin Ahmad

Mafizuddin Ahmad was a Bengali politician who later served as the education minister of Pakistan. He joined the All-India Muslim League in 1933 and was elected as the joint secretary of Muslim League. In 1938, he was elected to the Bengal Legislative assembly and soon enough was made the parliamentary secretary for education. After the establishment of Pakistan, he became the minister of rehabilitation, registration, prison and relief in Pakistan. He was later appointed as the Minister for Education in East Pakistan from 1962-1965 and was also awarded the Sitar-i-Quaid-e-Azam by the Government of Pakistan. 

Kazi Anwarul Haque 

Kazi Anwarul Haque was a Bangladeshi technocrat minister, police officer and a bureaucrat. He served in both West and East Bengal as a superintendent of police and moved to Pakistan after the partition. In 1953 he was promoted to Deputy Inspector General and in 1958, promoted to Inspector General of Police. Whereas, in 1961 he was promoted as the Chief Secretary of East Pakistan government, he was the first ever Bengali to become the Chief Secretary. Later, Kazi Haque was appointed as the Education Minister of Pakistan in 1965 and was also the Minister of Health, Labor and Social Welfares. 

Muhammad Shamsul Haque

Muhammad Shamsul Haque was a politician from Bangladesh who is known to serve as the Foreign Minister as well as Education Minster of Pakistan. He became the Education Minister of Pakistan in 1969-1971 under general Yahya Khan. He also served under President Ziaur Rehman, and both formulated the plan for the formation of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation in about 1980. 

Zubaida Jalal

Zubaida Jalal is a Pakistani politician who serves as the Ministry of Defense Production of Pakistan. She joined Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N) in 1988 which was led by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif but left to join Pakistan Muslim League Q (PML-Q) and after contesting in general elections, she gained fame as a leading woman minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz. She became the Minister of Education in 2002-2007. 

Javed Ashraf Qazi

Lt. General Javed Ashraf Qazi was appointed as the Minister of Education of Pakistan in 2004-2007. Back in 2002, he was elected as the member of the Senate of Pakistan and served as a chairman of the Senate Standing Committee of Defense. Minister Javed Ashraf always discussed the challenges facing Pakistan’s education systems and how the government was trying to improve it. He has also been Ministry of Science and technology, Chairman of Pakistan railways and Minister for Communications and Railways.

Ahsan Iqbal Chaudhary

Ahsan Iqbal is a renowned name; he is a politician known to many. Ahsan Iqbal is a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since 2018 and belongs from the party Pakistan Muslim League N. In 2008 Pakistani General Elections, he became the Minister of Education of Pakistan but for a very short period, however he did serve as Minister of Minorities Affairs in the Gillani Ministry that too until PML-N decided to sit in opposition against Pakistan People’s Party (PPP). 

Sania Nishtar

Sania Nishtar is a Pakistani senator, cardiologist, physician, activist and author. Nishtar is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the future of healthcare. In 2019, Nishtar was appointed Special Assistant on Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Nets for Prime Minister Imran Khan. Previously, she served as the Federal Minister of Pakistan during the 2013 caretaker government and oversaw Science Technology, Education and Trainings and Information Technology and Telcom. 

Muhammad Baligh Ur Rehman

Baligh Ur Rehman a Pakistani politician, who was also the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan for the first time in 2008 in Pakistani general election from Constituency on PML-N ticket. In 2013, he was appointed as the Federal Education Minister and Professional Training of Pakistan and later was given charge of the Minister of State for Interior and Narcotics Control in the cabinet of Nawaz Sharif. 

Shafqat Mahmood

Shafqat Mahmood is a Pakistani bureaucrat-turned-politician who is the current Federal Minister for Federal Education and Professional Training since 2018. Before entering in the political world, he served a grade 20 officer of the Pakistan Administration Services. He has been the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since August 2018 and earlier he was the member of the National Assembly since 2013 June to May 2018. He has also  served as the Ministry of Food, Ministry of Wildlife and Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development in the federal cabinet from 1996 to 1887 during the era of Prime Minister Malik Meraj Khalid. 

Author

Natasha Irshad holds a degree in Marketing & Management from University of London. She is interested in writing about education and pop culture.

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