Karachi’s two districts lead in high literacy rate in Pakistan

Karachi’s two districts—Central and Korangi, have the highest literacy rate in Pakistan after Islamabad and Rawalpindi as compared to other parts of the country, the latest statistics recently issued by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics reveal.

However, Pakistan Economic Survey 2020-21 mentions the Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement that read; “The literacy rate of the population aged 10 years and above is stagnant at 60 percent in 2019-20. But provincial analysis suggests that Punjab has the highest literacy rate with 64 percent followed by Sindh with 58 percent, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with 55 percent, and Balochistan with 46 percent.

According to the PBS census, Rawalpindi stands first with the highest literacy rate with 82.45 percent of its total population. The data shows that male literacy in Rawalpindi is 88.02 percent while its female literacy rate is 76.79. Similarly, the literacy rate in rural areas of the city is 79.89 and the urban are at 84.48 percent.

Following the city of Rawalpindi, Karachi’s Central District spotted on the second with the literacy rate 81.52 percent of its total population. Of them, 81.90 percent are male and 81.13 percent are female. The statistics also show that the literacy rate of trans-people for each district. In Karachi’s Central District, the literacy rate of transgender people is 47.98 percent.

Pakistan’s capital city Islamabad stands at the 3rd position in terms of literacy rate. The city has 81.49 percent educated population. Of them, 86.55 are male and 75.83 are female. The literacy rate of trans people in Islamabad is 55.36. Subsequently, Korangi stands 4th in the list of highly educated districts. Its literacy rate is 80.19 percent. Of them, 81.51 are male, 76 are female and 57.86 are transgender people.

Literacy in provincial capitals,

As per the PBS data, Lahore’s 77.80 percent population is educated. The male literacy rate in Lahore is 79 percent while it is 64 percent for the female and 46 percent for transgender. Faisalabad’s literacy rate is 69.83 percent, Multan has 60.21 percent and Sialkot has 77.90 percent literacy rate. Among other districts, Jhelum has the highest literacy rate with 78.94 after Rawalpindi. Also, Gujrat is spotted in the fourth position with a literacy rate 78.68 percent.

In Sindh province Kornagi and Central District have been listed in areas having the highest literacy rate. But, 65.76 percent population of Hyderabad district is also educated. Sukkar’s literacy rate is 54, Mirpukhas has 42 percent, and Larkana has 53 percent literacy rate. Other districts of Sindh with the highest literacy are included Karachi South with 77 percent, Karachi West with 65 percent, and Malir with 63 percent.

Peshawar city has 55.04 percent literacy rate while FR Peshawar has 53 percent literacy rate. However, Abbottabad district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has the highest literacy with 76.20 percent as compared to other districts of KP. Haripur has 72 percent, Chitral has 64 percent, Karak has 63 percent, Mansehra has 62 percent and Malakand Protected area has 61 percent literacy rate.

In Balochistan, Quetta city has 58 percent educated population. Of them, 69 percent are male, 46 are female and 39 percent are transgender. The literacy of rural Quetta is 49 percent while it is 69 percent for urban areas. The districts with the top literacy rate are Kech with 62 percent, Pangur with 59 percent, and Pishin with 52 percent.

The worst literacy rate

The statistics reveal that FR Bannu has the worst literacy with 18.69 after FR D.I. Khan with a literacy rate 20 percent. However, FR Lakki Marwat has 20.37 percent and Torghar district has 22.01 percent literacy rate followed by Kohistan with the low literacy rate of 22 percent.

Also, the southern parts of Punjab have low literacy rate. District Rajanpur has 33 percent, D.G Khan has 46 and Lodhran has 47 percent literacy rate. In Sindh, Sujawal has 25 percent, Thatta has 27 and Tharparkar has 29 percent literacy rate.

In Balochistan, Kohlu district has the lowest literacy rate with 18 percent of its total population. And, three other districts included Washuk, Jhalmagsi, and Nasirabad have a literacy rate of 23 percent while Barkhan, Dera Bugti, and Awaran have 25 percent literacy respectively.

Read more: KPK shows the highest literacy growth rate in PES 2021-22

Author

Arshad Yousafzai is a Karachi-based journalist covering Education and Human Rights. He can be reached on Twitter @Arshadyousafzay

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