KPK has shown the highest literacy growth rate according to Pakistan Economic Survey (PES) 2021-22. The survey explains how the economy performed in the fiscal year 2021-22 which will be ending on June 30th.
The survey also indicates the education completion rate of different sectors of education. According to the reports, the Primary Education Completion Rate for the year 2021-22 was 67 %, the Lower Education completion rate was 47 %, and the Upper Secondary Education rate was 23 %.
The province-wise analysis of PES shows that the highest growth was seen in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It increased from 52.4 % in the year 2018-19 to 55.1 % in 2020-21. On the second number comes Balochistan. Its literacy rate increased from 53.9 % in 2018-19 to 55.5 % in 2020-21. On the other hand, Punjab and Sindh showed almost the same growth. The literacy rate in Punjab grew to 66.3 % in 2020-21 from 66.1 % in 2018-19. Whereas in Sindh, it grew to 61.8 % from 61.6 %. Conclusively, growth in the literacy rate was seen in every province.
Overall, the literacy rate in Pakistan increased from 62.4 % in the fiscal year 2018-19 to 62.8 % in the fiscal year 2020-21. The gender-wise analysis of the PES shows that the literacy rate of females increased from 51.5 % in 2018-19 to 51.9 % in 2020-21. However, the literacy rate of males increased from 73 % to 73.4 %.
Coming to the area-wise analysis of the survey, an increase in the literacy rate of both urban and rural areas was found. In the urban areas, the literacy rate increased from 76.1 % to 77.3 % whereas, in rural areas, it increased from 53.7 % to 54 %.
Moreover, the number of educational institutes also increased significantly in a year. The number of institutes was 271,800 in FY 2018-19 and increased to 277,500 in FY 2020-21.
The expenditure on education also increased in the current fiscal year. It was 1.77 % of the total GDP. It was raised by 9.7 % as compared to the previous year. Concluding the figures, the PES 2021-22 showed an overall growth in the education sector of Pakistan in multiple aspects. Seeing remote and previously neglected areas of the country grow at a significant rate is a great sign for the education sector. The budget should be further increased and measures should be taken to maintain the growth of education in Pakistan.