Choosing a career can be a difficult task and the toughest decision a student must make. If you are an individual who has a keen interest in Biology and wants to study about it more, then you can choose Microbiology. Microbiology studies the microscopic organisms which includes fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoa and much more. The discipline of Microbiology includes fundamental research on biochemistry as well as cell biology, ecology, evolution, and physiology. If you are looking to pursue Microbiology for further studies, then you have made the right choice as microbiologists are always in high demand in not only in Pakistan but around the globe as well. Microbiologists are always needed to help the pharmaceutical companies to develop new drugs that are to be produced with the aid of microorganisms. But many students get worried if Microbiology has a scope in Pakistan, well don’t worry as you have landed on the right page. In this article, we will discuss everything about Microbiology and its scope and career opportunities in Pakistan.

So, read on!

What is Microbiology?

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms which include fungi, bacteria, viruses, and a few types of parasites. These infectious agents are too small to be seen with the naked eye. Microbiology is a quite broad discipline which covers multiple important areas such as virology, mycology, parasitology, etc. Microbiology also includes the study of certain viruses which cannot technically be classified as living organisms, but they may contain genetic material. The research of microbiology however encompasses all the aspects of these microorganisms which may include their behavior, ecology, evolution, and the pathology of diseases they may cause.

What are the branches of Microbiology?

Microbiology can be divided into two core branches which are known as pure and applied. However, microbiology can be separated by taxonomy, which classifies various microbes. This includes the following:

Pure Microbiology:


It is the study of immune systems which looks at the relationship systems between pathogens such as bacteria and viruses.

Microbial genetics

Studying the genetics within microorganisms, which includes bacteria, viruses, or fungi, it is the principal focus of microbial genetics. The examination of its growth rates and generation cycles helps scientists have a better understanding of a microorganism’s evolution.

Applied Microbiology:


It involves investigating the methods of using living organisms to invent and producing products is the specialty of a biotechnologist. They use genetic engineering, along with cell and tissue technologies, and physicians can customize treatments for their patients.

Medical Microbiology

It focuses on the application of medicine, medical microbiologists’ diagnosis, treat and prevent infectious diseases. The scientists also help to enhance overall health of the humans by studying microbes.

It is the study of bacteria.

What is the scope of Microbiology in Pakistan?

While many students often wonder if there is any scope or career opportunities for Microbiology in Pakistan. This is one of the major concerns for those who want to pursue Microbiology. Well, a career in Microbiology is one of the emerging and highly paying careers in Pakistan. With the latest advancement of science and technology, the scope of microbiology in Pakistan is increasing day by day. This is one of the best fields to pursue science subjects. It has a very demanding scope and going high and trending with the passage of time.

Many microbiologists work in offices or research facilities, it can be both in private companies and the government sectors. While mostly microbiologists specialize in a certain topic within microbiology, such as bacteriology, parasitology, virology, etc. However, many microbiologists generally work in some way to increase scientific knowledge or utilize that knowledge to improve outcomes in medicine industry.

Read more: Scope of Psychology in Pakistan

What is the career/job prospects for microbiology in Pakistan?

This is the most asked questions among the students while choosing a degree. Well, studying microbiology will certainly open a gateway to numerous job opportunities. Graduates with a degree of microbiology can work as the following:

  • Clinical microbiologist
  • Research microbiologist
  • Immunologist
  • Clinical biochemist
  • Toxicologist
  • Food microbiologist
  • Research scientist
  • Environmental microbiologist
  • Fermentation technologist
  • Pharmacologist
    And much more

Moreover, a microbiologist can easily get jobs in below-listed areas:

  • Dairy farms
  • Pathology labs
  • Food and nutrition companies
  • Agriculture sector
  • Research departments
  • Chemical industries
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Biotechnology firms
  • And the list goes on

What is the salary of microbiologists in Pakistan?

Well, the salary depends on where you work, as it varies from industry to industry. It also depends on the individual’s skills and specialization. But as per the latest data, the average salary of a fresh graduate microbiologist in Pakistan starts from 30,000 per month and the highest pay of a microbiologist is up to PKR 1m/year.

Best of Luck!

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    Good write up!

    December 26, 2022

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